De Beers ,

:
13 2015 .

筭孭 Element Six, 譭孭୭ 𭭭୭ 쭭୭ 127-򭭭 񭭭,  孭   孭譭 孭 譭譭 孭, 筭⭭譭 ୭ ୭쭭, 󭭭, ୭쭭, 歭 魭 ୭୭譭 Tiffany & Co.,  孭 筭୭孭 ୭쭭 ⭭򭭭 񭭭 쭭 1980-  譭 . ﭭ 62 孭 񭭭孭 孭 ୭ 魭 󭭭୭ 뭭 孭 孭 譭 뭭, ୭孭 .

筭⭭ 孭 뭭, ⭭ -孭歭孭 孭 , 魭 򭭭 譭, 譭魭, ୭譭, Wal-Mart Stores Inc., ୭ 󭭭୭孭, 孭孭 𭭭譭. ୭ ୭쭭 򭭭譭譭 譭䭭 뭭, ⭭ ୭ ୭ 譭 뭭 ୭쭭,  . 魭 ᭭󭭭孭 , 𭭭୭ 譭 뭭 譭䭭 ୭ ୭쭭. De Beers,   譭, ⭭ , 𭭭 ,  ⭭ ୭ ୭孭 孭譭  񭭭,  孭譭򭭭 $80 뭭𭭭.

 ୭󭭭୭

孭譭 譭୭ 孭, - 魭 󭭭 (Simon Lawson), 譭 譭 򭭭孭 De Beers 孭୭. 䭭𭭭譭 孭୭ 譭䭭 뭭 񭭭孭譭,  孭譭孭 㭭 ᭭ ୭ 孭孭 󭭭 譭 뭭.

孭୭ 孭譭୭ 譭 뭭 譭䭭 뭭୭, ୭孭 䭭୭譭୭, ⭭򭭭  譭 譭 뭭୭ ୭譭 孭孭 䭭 譭䭭 뭭, ୭ , 譭. De Beers  譭 뭭, 99  񭭭󭭭򭭭 譭 孭, ୭譭,  󭭭 ୭ 孭 孭 ୭, ୭쭭 孭𭭭 ୭ 䭭筭୭孭 ,   쭭୭ 譭譭譭 譭 뭭, 孭 󭭭 ୭.

孭孭

譭魭孭 ୭ 譭 뭭 30 40 . 譭 孭譭୭譭 筭୭ , 񭭭 䭭 ୭ ୭譭୭ 뭭 뭭 ୭, 𭭭୭ 󭭭 𭭭୭ , ୭ 𭭭 䭭 ୭ 󭭭孭 孭 筭 . 筭୭򭭭 ୭譭, 뭭譭󭭭孭 뭭 孭 10 孭.

譭 뭭 ⭭ 孭  , ୭򭭭 譭୭  󭭭୭. ⭭򭭭 䭭 ⭭  ୭ 䭭譭, 񭭭୭ 孭 ୭ ୭孭 ୭ 譭孭 ,  魭孭 孭򭭭 󭭭 譭  ୭孭 孭 ୭୭ 孭 ୭ 孭𭭭 筭孭.  孭 뭭  ୭ ୭孭 .

De Beers, 񭭭 歭୭譭 譭 䭭譭 譭쭭𭭭 (Kimberley) 筭  孭譭 孭 (Cecil Rhodes), 孭 譭 孭 񭭭  ,   孭 譭. ୭򭭭譭 譭 魭孭 孭୭, 񭭭  ⭭孭  뭭筭 ୭㭭-뭭𭭭孭 ﭭ孭魭孭 (Harry Oppenheimer), 孭 ⭭򭭭 筭୭  ୭ ୭쭭,  ᭭୭ 魭 孭 [譭 뭭],  쭭୭ , 譭򭭭 ꭭  󭭭 譭 뭭 譭魭 , ୭ 󭭭.

孭 譭

孭୭孭 ୭୭ 譭 譭, ୭歭 򭭭 $55 000, 󭭭୭ 𭭭 𭭭 . 䭭 譭 孭򭭭  4 ୭୭ 𭭭 ୭ ୭쭭 䭭 ୭譭 孭.  뭭, 򭭭 , ୭ 𭭭୭򭭭 𭭭 ୭ 򭭭 󭭭 譭. 孭 񭭭񭭭򭭭 񭭭򭭭 孭孭  孭 , ୭ ୭쭭  譭譭.

㭭 򭭭  ୭ ୭쭭, ୭ ୭ , , - 譭 譭 (Philip Martineau), 譭 譭譭  񭭭孭୭ 򭭭 De Beers Research Centre. ୭쭭 󭭭 譭. 򭭭譭, ୭ .

De Beers ⭭򭭭 譭 譭 孭 . 孭쭭譭 (Gemological Institute of America, GIA), ୭ 譭, ୭  孭,  ୭ ୭ 筭 譭 뭭 ,   ᭭󭭭孭.

᭭୭ 譭୭ 󭭭ﭭ 뭭筭 . 2012  600 孭⭭ 譭 뭭 筭 0,3 0,7 ᭭󭭭孭 𭭭孭 󭭭쭭, ᭭󭭭孭 2013  , 񭭭 孭歭󭭭䭭 孭쭭譭 (International Gemological Institute, IGI). , 110 譭 뭭, 孭孭୭孭 , 񭭭 ᭭孭 뭭筭 񭭭譭୭ (Surat Diamond Association, SDA).

ӭ譭, 䭭譭譭孭 譭 쭭୭, De Beers GIA, ୭孭 ,  ୭ 孭 譭魭, 󭭭୭  譭, ୭ ୭譭  (Daniel Rosen), ୭ 4Cs Diamonds, 쭭୭ ୭ 孭𭭭 筭孭 뭭筭 魭 -𭭭 .

򭭭, 񭭭 , - ୭ . 񭭭 󭭭譭 , ୭孭 . .

󭭭

򭭭 ୭ 孭 孭⭭ 譭 뭭, 𭭭୭譭୭, 孭쭭譭 , ୭⭭, ᭭󭭭譭򭭭 ୭쭭. 魭 񭭭 ୭ ୭쭭 孭𭭭 筭孭 (Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council, GJEPC) 譭 筭󭭭歭孭 󭭭᭭ 孭 , ୭孭 孭譭୭. 뭭筭 񭭭譭୭, ୭ 魭 , ⭭򭭭 󭭭ﭭ魭 譭 ୭ ୭쭭, ⭭󭭭 ୭୭ 䭭 譭孭 뭭 񭭭 , 譭 , ୭ 譭 뭭 譭䭭, 񭭭 ᭭孭 Times of India.

魭 ୭ 孭󭭭孭歭孭 񭭭, - ୭ 譭. - 譭꭭ 譭୭ ୭, 孭.

譭𭭭 360 000 譭 뭭 孭孭   ⭭孭 126 譭䭭 뭭. 筭 譭 뭭, 䭭孭 󭭭   譭魭 孭孭 𭭭譭, 򭭭,  2 2018  20 2026 , 孭 񭭭孭୭ 𭭭 Frost & Sullivan.

, De Beers 򭭭 ୭ 譭 뭭.

De Beers 孭譭 譭୭ 譭䭭 뭭, - 󭭭. 󭭭 譭孭,  󭭭 򭭭.

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