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07 2021 .

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, , , , (40% 80% ). , . 25% .

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, . Impala Platinum , Royal Bafokeng, Amplats 3,45 . Implats , , , Bloomberg.

. World Platinum Investment Council (WPIC) , , , . 191 . ( 8 ). , , WPIC , 158 . , 2021 .

2021 161 . , WPIC. 97% , 2020 . 17% 1%.

, 1 . , , .

ѭ ( ), , 9%, 7 , . China V , . 20%. Johnson Matthey, 14%, 10% .

, - , WPIC. , - WPIC . , , Umicore.

Stellantis ( Fiat Chrysler PSA), 8,7 14 . 600 . 30% - . , , , , VW , . Ford Europa , 2024 , , , , .

, . EV , Ford Focus 300 , 3 . .

EV, , , , , . VW 2025 , Tesla, 2030 EV 70% . , , . , . , 2025 , , , .

, , , . , , , , Northam Platinum (Paul Dann).

, , , 25%, , WPIC. , , , 4% ( 13% ), .

2019 2020 , 66%, . ETF- , 2020 , . 6- , $1300 . , ESG , , .

. , 25% 6,1 , , 2020 . , - , 70 . . 11%, 1,9 , .

2022 0,7 , , , . , .

WPIC , , , . , , , , WPIC.

ŭ , , , (fuel cells). Northam Platinum, , 2020- , 2017 . , , , .

, . , Reuters , , - , . , $1 . $1110 2022 , 3% . $1137,5 $1228 .

. , , , , . Johnson Matthey , , , . , , , Johnson Matthey.

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